Transfusion-focused infectious diseases

Fact sheets for transfusion-focused-infectious-diseases (TFIDs) including Australian specific diseases produced by Lifeblood and regularly reviewed by the Donor and Product Safety Policy Unit and medical microbiologists.

  • Lifeblood continuously monitors infectious disease pathogens relevant, or potentially relevant, to transfusion medicine/blood safety. 
  • As part of this monitoring, Lifeblood has developed fact sheets for about 78 infectious disease pathogens based on an extensive review of the scientific literature, infectious disease alerts and information from public health bodies (e.g. WHO, CDC, ECDC, CDNA).
  • Each fact sheet provides an overview of a specific pathogen, including the associated disease, transmission modes, epidemiology and risk factors for infection, blood phase and potential transfusion-transmissibility.
  • The fact sheets also include a summary of current Lifeblood risk mitigation strategies and a blood safety risk assessment from an Australian perspective.
  • The fact sheets are revised every 2 to 3 years, or more regularly if required.  
  • As the fact sheets are revised, they now include a risk assessment for pasteurised donor human milk.

Primary authors and reviewers

Philip Kiely - Blood Safety Analyst
Dr Michael Watson - Microbiologist
Dr Vanessa Clifford - Microbiologist

Dr Clive Seed - Senior Blood Safety Analyst
Prof Iain Gosbell - National Donor and Product Safety Specialist
Dr Veronica Hoad – Public Health Physician

 

Contributors

Dr Jenny Wong - Microbiologist
Dr Sharmini Muttaiyah - Microbiologist
Dr Mark Chan - Microbiologist
Dr Zofia Perkowska-Guse - Microbiologist
Dr Michael Thomas - Microbiologist
Dr Kate Garnham - Microbiologist
Dr Emily Shiel - Microbiologist
Dr Christopher Swan - Microbiologist

Dr Anthony Keller - Immunologist and former National Donor and Product Safety Manager
Dr James Thyer - Senior Scientist Project Officer
 

Disclaimer

Australian Red Cross Lifeblood (Lifeblood) surveillance and Emerging, Re-emerging and Emerged Infectious Diseases (EREEIDs) information and documentation (the Documents) have been developed by Lifeblood specifically for our internal use within our operational context.

The Documents are made available for information only. Whilst Lifeblood endeavours to keep the information contained in the Documents up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability or suitability with respect to the information contained in the Documents. Any reliance upon the Documents by any person is at their own risk. In no event will Lifeblood be liable for any loss or damage, including without limitation indirect or consequential loss, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Documents by any person.

Any and all copyright and intellectual property in the Documents remains with Lifeblood.

Abnormal prion protein (variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease)

Abnormal prion protein (variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease)

Factsheet
Guide
Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) factsheet thumbnail

Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV)

Factsheet
Guide
Barmah forest virus

Barmah forest virus

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Barmah forest virus

Factsheet
Guide
Borreliella burgdorferi Lyme disease thumbnail

Borreliella burgdorferi (Lyme disease)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Borreliella burgdorferi (Lyme disease).

Factsheet
Guide
A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Bartonella species (spp).

Bartonella species (spp)

A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Bartonella species (spp).

Factsheet
Guide
Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV)

Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV).

Factsheet
Guide
Dengue virus factsheet thumbnail

Dengue virus

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Dengue virus

Factsheet
Guide
Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) thumbnail image

Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Epstein Bar Virus (EBV).

Factsheet
Guide
Hendra virus

Hendra virus

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Hendra virus

Factsheet
Guide
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Factsheet
Guide
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

Factsheet
Guide
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)

Factsheet
Guide
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)

Factsheet
Guide
Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2)

Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2).

Guide
Human prion diseases (other than vCJD)

Human prion diseases (other than vCJD)

Factsheet
Guide
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) fact sheet image

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Human T-cell lymphotropic type I (HTLV-I)

Factsheet
Guide
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2) fact sheet image

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-2)

Factsheet
Guide
Influenza A – virus subtype H1N1, A(H1N1) thumbnail

Influenza A – virus subtype H1N1, A(H1N1)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Influenza A – virus subtype H1N1, A(H1N1).

Factsheet
Guide
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, A(H5N1) thumbnail image

Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, A(H5N1)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, A(H5N1).

Factsheet
Guide
Influenza A virus subtype H7N9, A(H7N9) thumbnail image

Influenza A virus subtype H7N9, A(H7N9)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Influenza A virus subtype H7N9, A(H7N9).

Factsheet
Guide
Japanese encephalitis virus factsheet thumbnail

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)

Factsheet
Guide
Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV)

Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV).

Factsheet
Guide
Leishmania Species Leishmaniasis thumbnail

Leishmania Species (Leishmaniasis)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Leishmania Species (Leishmaniasis).

Factsheet
Guide
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) thumbnail image

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV).

Factsheet
Guide
A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Monkeypox virus (MPXV).

Monkeypox virus (MPXV)

A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Monkeypox virus (MPXV).

Factsheet
Guide
Morbillivirus (Measles) (MeV)

Morbillivirus (Measles) (MeV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Morbillivirus (Measles) (MeV)

Factsheet
Guide
A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Mumps virus (MuV).

Mumps virus (MuV)

A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Mumps virus (MuV).

Factsheet
Guide
Murray Valley encephilitis

Murray Valley encephilitis

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Murray Valley encephilitis

Factsheet
Guide
Nematode species of the Wuchereria and Brugia genera thumbnail

Nematode species of the Wuchereria and Brugia genera

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Nematode species of the Wuchereria
and Brugia genera.

Factsheet
Guide
Nipah virus

Nipah virus

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Nipah virus

Factsheet
Guide
non-prion proteins associated with neurodegenerative diseases

Non-prion proteins associated with neurodegenerative diseases

Factsheet
Guide
Plasmodium Species (Malaria)

Plasmodium Species (Malaria)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Plasmodium Species (Malaria).

Factsheet
Guide
Ross Rover virus fact sheet image.

Ross River virus (RRV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Ross Rover virus.

Factsheet
Guide
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) thumbnail image

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Factsheet
Guide
Seasonal influenza viruses thumbnail image

Seasonal influenza viruses

A transfusion-focused infectious disease fact sheet on Seasonal influenza viruses.

Factsheet
Guide
St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) thumbnail

St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV).

Factsheet
Guide
Treponema pallidum (syphilis)

Treponema pallidum (syphilis)

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on Treponema pallidum (syphilis)

Factsheet
Guide
A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi).

Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi)

A transfusion focused infectious disease factsheet on Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi).

Factsheet
Guide
West Nile virus, Kunjin strain

West Nile virus, Kunjin strain

A transfusion-focused infectious disease factsheet on West Nile virus, Kunjin strain

Factsheet
Guide